OBAMA: “KENYA SEI A UN BIVIO”

 Nella foto sopra Il presidente Usa Barack Obama e il suo omologo kenyano, Uhuru Kenyatta, durante la conferenza stampa congiunta dopo il loro incontro bilaterale sabato scorso a Nairobi in Kenya. (Fonte: Reuters/Jonathan Erns)


Nella foto sopra Il presidente Usa Barack Obama e il suo omologo kenyano, Uhuru Kenyatta, durante la conferenza stampa congiunta dopo il loro incontro bilaterale sabato scorso a Nairobi in Kenya. (Fonte: Reuters/Jonathan Erns)

«Il Kenya è un paese al bivio: un momento di grandi pericoli ma anche di enormi promesse». Così il presidente statunitense Barack Obama ha sintetizzato l’attuale situazione del paese, nel corso della visita di due giorni, conclusa ieri. Il Kenya ha il potenziale per diventare il motore dell’Africa orientale, ha precisato Obama in apertura del sesto Global Entrepreneurship Summit (Ges) a Nairobi, ma deve riuscire a sconfiggere il «cancro» della corruzione, terrorismo e tensioni tribali che minacciano il futuro del paese.

Sicurezza, diritti umani, sviluppo ecomomico e sociale sono stati i temi centrali dei colloqui e oggetto di una serie di accordi bilaterali. In primo piano il terrorismo, la lotta ai jihadisti somali Al Shabaab e la stabilità della Somalia. Il piano d’azione vedrà aumentarre il sostegno economico a esercito, polizia e magistratura, a cui verranno destinati 100 milioni di dollari – 62 milioni in più, rispetto allo scorso anno -. In previsone ci sono anche aiuti per l’anti-terrorismo, nel quadro del programma di peacekeeping del Partenariato per il controterrorismo regionale dell’ Africa dell’Est (Partnership for regional East Africa counterterrorism).
Sempre in quest’ambito, Nairobi e Washington hanno firmato il Cooperation in threat reduction biological engagement programs agreement, accordo per la cosiddetta “biosicurezza”, destinato a ridurre eventuali minacce biologiche, dalle malattie naturali al rilascio (accidentale o non) di agenti patogeni e tossine. Il timore è anche, evidentemente, che i terroristi possano utilizzare armi batteriologiche.
Al Shabaab non rappresenta, però, l’unica minaccia. Barack Obama e Uhuru Kenyatta si sono detti preoccupati anche per l’instabilità causata dall conflitto in Sud Sudan e le violenze che hanno accompagnato le elezioni in Burundi, definite dal presidente americano «non credibili». Preoccupazioni che Obama ribadirà anche domani, durante il vertice dell’Unione Africana ad Addis Abeba, in Etiopia. Continue reading

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Rule of Law in Islamic modeled States

imageOringinal contribution   –  doctoral candidate and Academic Coordinator of the Horn of Africa Projects at Freie Universitaet Berlin, Germany, Vice-Chairman of the Board of the Arabic and Islamic Law Association and member of the Executive Committee of the African Law Association.

I. Introduction

The debate of rule of law concept(s) cannot be concerned with only the views put forward by the maîtres à penser of “Western” countries – at least for those rejecting a parochial “Eurocentric” bias. It is obvious that the attitude of “Western” intellectuals towards the “rule of law” is different from the attitude raised by “non-Western” (trained) partners, such as those who belong to the “Islamic World”. While “Westerners” belong to a historically unified tradition – even while it is open to different interpretations and outcomes -, “non-Westerners” look at the tradition “from outside” and compare it to their own (legal-) cultural forms (Costa / Zolo 2007: ix-xiii). Due to fact the term’s origin is “Western”, it requires a clarification as to the context in Islamic modeled states. That said, this article attempts to give an insight into the discourse of the rule of law in Islamic modeled states in general. The evolution of legal theory within current Muslim context cannot easily be equated with the general “Western” understanding of ‘rule of law’ due to inherently different historical and traditional Islamic influences, which is therefore why I use the term “Islamic modeled”. On the basis of the wide and especially complex field, it is, accordingly, neither possible to discuss all notions nor the entire spectrum of national views in the “Islamic World” (see the country reports on Afghanistan (Elliesie 2010b), Egypt (Elliesie 2010c), Sudan (Elliesie 2010d), Iran (Moschtaghi 2010)). Continue reading

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GEESKA AFRIKA ONLINE The Horn of Africa Intelligence News Group » Somalia: President rejected the cabinet reshuffle Without Constitutional Approval

imageMogadishu (HAN) October 25, 2014. Presidential Press Release – The president of the federal republic of Somalia released a press statement rejecting the cabinet reshuffle undertaken earlier today by the Prime minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed. The president encouraged in his statement that the people of Somalia and their leaders in government should always follow the provisional constitution and the law of the land when making decisions. Continue reading

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Somalia: Somali President, Prime Minister Disagree Over Cabinet Reshuffle

imageSomali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and Prime Minister Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed on Sunday (October 27th) publically disagreed over Ahmed’s decision to reshuffle the cabinet.

On Saturday, Ahmed reshuffled several cabinet members, among them Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs Farah Sheikh Abdulkadir Mohamed who was moved to the Ministry of Livestock and Animal Husbandry. Continue reading

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Ethiopian Former President Mengstu Hailemariam died

imageEthiopian former head of state Mengistu-Haile-Mariam died in Hospital

Ethiopian breaking news: According to the news from zimbabwe national tv report, the former bloody dictator, mengistu hailemariam suffered massive heart attack yesterday and rushed tohospital in Harare. He was already lost his conciousness by the time he arrived. In an effort to revive him the doctors put him on life support for 24 hours and latter he was pronounced dead at the hospital .
Details are being expected as a lot of mourners are being fled to his residence andhospital

Mengistu Hailemariam has Died at the age of 75. Born on May 21, 1937 Mengistu was a father of Three children, Tilahun Mengistu, Tigist Mengistu and Andenet Mengistu. Lt. Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam (born 1937) became the head of state of Ethiopia and chairman of the ruling military government after a 1974 revolution deposed Emperor Haile Selassie. He was also the head of the central committee of Ethiopia’s Socialist Workers Party. Mengistu resigned as head of state in 1991 and fled into exile in Zimbabwe.

Horn of Africa Observer

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The Ethiopian Diaspora and consciousness. By Yilma Bekele

ethiopia-map1Horn Of Africa – The Bay Area that currently is home away from home for thousands of Ethiopians is nothing like any other place that I have known. I was born in a small village on the southern part of Ethiopia and have resided in Addis Abeba, Oregon and Seattle Washington before moving here. The Bay Area is unique. I thank the Gods and celebrate my luck whenever I have a chance.

The place where I originated from is not known for such movement of people from one location to another. As much as I remember the majority of the people I know were born, grew up and die within a few miles of their home. A trip to the next town a few miles away was talked about days from departure. My journey to America was definitely a mind boggling experience and by any stretch of the imagination not an understandable act by most of my family and neighbors for the period I came to America. Continue reading

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11 ETHIOPIAN STUDENTS KILLED IN VIOLENT CONFRONTATIONS WITH POLICE IN COUNTRY’S LARGEST STATE

image11 ETHIOPIAN STUDENTS KILLED IN VIOLENT CONFRONTATIONS WITH POLICE IN COUNTRY’S LARGEST STATE

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May 2, 2014
BY ELIAS MESERET

ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia – At least 11 students have been killed in violent clashes with Ethiopian police in a region that has long been the scene of a secessionist movement, according to the government.

Violence has erupted in a number of university campuses across Oromia state as ethnic Oromo students protest a plan by the central government to expand the capital, Addis Ababa, into parts of Oromia, the government said in a statement late Thursday.

Student protests, which started on April 28, are happening in at least four university campuses in Oromia. The violence appears to be spreading from the campuses into nearby towns, causing serious damage to property. Protesters set fire to a bank, a gas station and some government buildings, according to police.

Oromo, the largest state in Ethiopia, has long had a difficult relationship with the central government in Addis Ababa. A movement has been growing there for independence from Ethiopia and a secessionist group, the Oromo Liberation Front, has been outlawed by the government.

Regional police said in a statement that the students’ protest may have been hijacked by anti-government activists in the region. At least one of the 11 dead students was killed in a bomb blast that also wounded several others, police said in a statement.

“We have established that the violence was not (on) the students’ agenda. As usual, there were some anti-democratic forces behind,” the statement said.

It warned the students about becoming a tool for “outside forces,” but did not name those forces.

Source: AP

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